The European Investment Bank (EIB) has approved €37.5 million in financing for the development of drinking water supply projects in Morocco. The financing benefits the Office National de l’électricité et de l’eau Potable (Onee).
The loan agreement between the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the Office national de l’électricité et de l’eau potable (Onee) was signed on June 23rd, 2021. The €37.5 million loan will be used to build new drinking water supply infrastructure in the Kingdom, mainly in rural areas. This loan is complementary to an initial financing granted to Morocco in 2019, as part of Onee’s 2019-2023 capital plan for the “water” activity.
The Moroccan public body plans to rehabilitate and expand the capacity of drinking water production and distribution facilities in several localities in Morocco. In the kingdom, water availability is less than 1,700 m3 per year per person, according to the World Resources Institute (WRI). This situation places Morocco on the list of states with “high water stress”. This phenomenon is a consequence of drought, caused by climate change.
Non-conventional water resources in the face of water stress
In addition to the modernisation of existing installations, the Moroccan government is relying on non-conventional water resources to improve Morocco’s drinking water supply. These include the desalination of sea water and the use of treated wastewater for irrigation.
In Laayoune, the capital of the Moroccan-ruled North African territory of Western Sahara, a new seawater desalination plant is expected to come on stream in a few weeks. The plant will have a capacity of 26,000 m3 per day. The facility is expected to bring the city’s installed capacity to 52,000 m3 per day.
With regard to wastewater, Onee is developing several initiatives, including the construction of the Tarfaya wastewater treatment plant. The new facility will provide pre-treatment, biological treatment and advanced tertiary treatment of wastewater, including ultraviolet disinfection and sludge dewatering. The drying beds will also be designed to reduce the sewage sludge to a dry solids content, which will be safely transferred off-site for disposal.