According to the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), more than 70% of the population of Eastern and Southern Africa (340 million people) has no access to basic sanitation. Of these, 98 million people (19%) practise open defecation, 179 million use unimproved facilities and 63 million use communal sanitation facilities. In East Africa, this condition is more related to the lack of water and adequate infrastructure. Among the solutions advocated is the extension of the water and sanitation network, which is already taking place in Kenya, where access to sanitation services is estimated at 55%, as well as in Uganda (63%); Rwanda (68%), etc. In addition, the number of people with access to sanitation is estimated to have risen from 1.5 million in 2000 to 1.5 million in 2007. In terms of wastewater management, progress is mainly coming.from Rwanda, for example, which wants to equip the capital Kigali with a central sewerage system.
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