The World Bank Group has approved $7 million in loans for renewable energy and strengthening the operational efficiency of the electricity utility in Cape Verde. The World Bank joins other financial partners.
In the funding recently allocated by the World Bank Group to Cape Verde, $3.5 million is provided by the International Development Association (IDA) and the other half by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (BIRD). The loans will finance the Renewable Energy and Utility Performance Improvement Project (REIUP), implemented by the Government of Cape Verde.
REIUP is co-financed by the Canadian Clean Energy and Forest Climate Facility (CCFF) with $7.5 million in loans and a $0.5 million grant. The government of Cape Verde is also benefiting from a $2 million grant from the Global Infrastructure Facility (GIF), a financing mechanism funded by Australia, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, Japan, Singapore, and the World Bank.
Construction of small solar power plants
The main objective of the Cape Verdean government through REIUP is to increase the country’s installed renewable energy capacity by 3.9 MW. Praia plans to obtain this power from small solar photovoltaic plants, as well as from mini-grids. These installations will increase the installed capacity of this West African country.
Currently, the archipelago of more than 555,000 people has an installed capacity of 162 MW, of which 65 MW is in operation, according to Africa Finance Corporation (AFC). Up to 77% of this electricity is generated from thermal power plants running on heavy fuel oil and diesel. Wind power accounts for 16 percent of the country’s installed capacity, while solar power accounts for only 7 percent. According to the World Bank, small-scale solar power plants built under REIUP will reduce emissions from the electricity sector by 9,000 tons of CO2 equivalent per year.
Privatization of the state-owned electricity company
The other major component of the project is to reduce losses in the Cape Verdean electricity system. The project aims to reduce losses from 26% to 18%. But for the World Bank, this will necessarily involve the privatization of the Electricity and Water Company (ELECTRA).
“The project will build on recent efforts by the World Bank to support the government of Cape Verde in privatizing the electricity company ELECTRA. A first step was taken with the enactment of the Decree Law on Electricity Sector Reform, supported by the Cabo Verde First Equitable and Sustainable Recovery Development Policy,” explains Kwawu Mensan Gaba, the World Bank’s Global Energy Practice Manager for West and Central Africa.
Jean Marie Takouleu